Girls In Engineering, Mathematics And Sciences Competition, Abia State

Girls In Engineering, Mathematics And Sciences Competition, Abia State

Girls In Engineering, Mathematics And Sciences Competition, Abia State

By / Gender Base Violence / Thursday, 25 May 2017 16:04

BACKGROUND  

Nigeria, like the rest of African counties is a developing country that are particularly vulnerable to climate change, due mainly to its high dependency on natural resources and rain-fed agriculture as well as to its relatively limited technological and economic capacities. Ironically, several factors have placed Nigeria in a position of a contributor to global emission of CO2. For example, Nigeria as an oil producing country flares about 1.2billion cubic feet (bcf/d) of gas a day. This amount of gas flare represents 12.5% of all globally flared gas, which is 68% of the associated gas produced or 51% of the total gas production. According to the African Energy Outlook for 2014, as at 2012, Nigeria flared about 17bcm on the average, slightly more than its annual consumption. However, gas flaring in other West African producing countries has remained around 12bcm per year.

Nigeria’s per capita CO2 Emission is estimated to be about 0.14 Metric tons by 2010.While developed countries like China and US are seen as industrialized nation with highest global emission, Nigeria doubles as a voracious consumer country that contributes to global emission from gas flaring, numerous automobiles, private jets ownership, manufacturing and agro allied industries. Nigeria’s population of about 170 million puts her in a position that her carbon foot print is significantly huge when compared to industrialized less dense populated countries in Europe. Therefore, it will be difficult to exonerate Nigeria from global CO2 emission due to her huge sources of carbon foot print.

From experiences, it is indicative that the proactiveness needed to fight climate change is not there. While the bulk of the rural settlements in Nigeria who make up the agrarian population are more vulnerable but lack basic information about Climate change, the urban settlement are not free from temperature variations that affect their socio-economic activities. Also, women’s traditional roles, including subsistence farming and water collection which means they are most dependent on livelihoods and resources that are put most at risk by climate change.

However, Nigeria’s situation in the face of changing climate is precarious. The threat of climate change to the socio-economic activities in Nigeria is grave and must be intervened upon with immediate effect. For example, the effect of Climate change to Agriculture which is considered as the most weather-dependent of all human activities since climate is the primary determinant for agricultural productivity. Nigeria is under obligation to use the maximum of available resources for the progressive commitment of CO2 reduction. This obligation is encapsulated in national and international standards.

Secondly, most of us now realize we are addicted to fossil fuels that create vast quantities of carbon dioxide and that this addiction also extends to a wide variety of industrial and agricultural practices that create a whole host of other global warming gases.

The United Nation Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) set October 1, 2015 as the deadline for 195 member countries to make pledges to commit to setting out their roadmap to limit the effects of global warming to less than 2°C by 2100. The convention has published 146 countries that have committed to reducing their greenhouse gas emissions. Regrettably, Nigeria is missing from the list. This clearly shows the less commitments Nigeria is willing to sacrifice towards solving the climate crises.

The threat of climate change has never been more urgent. But the way forward has never been clearer. With citizens worldwide united in demanding action and clean energy solutions in our hands, a safe and sustainable future for the planet is finally in sight and the first step is a global agreement to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in Paris.

It is evident that awareness to adaptation is pivotal in the fight against Climate change and this is not at par with the rising consequences which the citizens and the policy makers would not undermine. This Justification give Rise to the Organizing of the Competition to identify science innovation that will contribute to addressing the challenges of Climate Change and education Gap among Girls in Science and Engineering in the Secondary School s in Abia State. Click here to read the full report.

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