Women Entrepreneurial Training In Cross River State

Women Entrepreneurial Training In Cross River State

Women Entrepreneurial Training In Cross River State

By / Skill Acquisition / Thursday, 25 May 2017 15:46

Introduction

 In Nigeria, like in many other African economies women play significant roles in the socio-cultural and economic development of their societies. The burden placed on them in many cultures is quite enormous. The overwhelming majority of them provide labour that sustains life-growing food, cooking, raising children, caring for the elderly, maintaining a house, hauling water, etc (Onwubiko, 2012). Even in many married homes, housewives do not fare better as they bear the cost of children’s education and health with little or no support from their husbands. In many other settings too,  women continue to play the role of bread-winners and decision makers in the event of the demise of the father or inadequate male presence.

This absence which could be brought about by death sickness or other forms of physical and mental incapacitation have thrust women in the centre stage for the performance of functions far removed from their traditional responsibility of house-keeping (Onwubiko, 2012). These family commitments have compelled almost every housewife or woman to engage in various forms of economic activities that can generate income to meet family welfare and enhanced standard of living. In Nigeria, they are found in the informal sector such as mining, petty trading, hawking of food and in various forms of food crop production, fishing, tailoring, and so forth. Although women are engaged in numerous productive undertakings, the return to their efforts is quite minimal. Majority of them especially those in the traditional sector are unable to meet their needs and fulfill other family responsibilities. According to Okeem (1998), these women work two-thirds of the world’s working hours. Yet, why are they unable to generate enough income? The major characteristics of these women are that they are illiterate. It is therefore presume that they lack the requisite skills and knowledge that would have improved their productive capabilities. This has consigned these families to a perpetual cycle of poverty. 

Given the role of women in the community generally, women education thus appears to have a greater impact on the family welfare at home than that of men (Oxenham, Diallo, Katahoire, Petkova-Nwangi & Sall, 2002).   

Entrepreneurial education has been identified as a very significant factor in unemployment reduction and poverty alleviation (World Bank, 2001; Babalola, 2007).  Entrepreneurial education seeks to provide participants with knowledge, skills and motivation to encourage entrepreneurial success in a variety of settings.  In fact, it provides a wide range of competencies, which include management and organizational skills.  The Nigeria government also acknowledges the utility value of this type of education by putting in place some active labour policies to promote wage employment through subsidized placement, employment assistance and vocational trainings, and even other measure to encourage self-employment, such as training and facilitating access to credit/grants and other business requirement.

There are formal entrepreneurial education programmes turning out thousands of prepared, motivated and connected women entrepreneurs each year.  With entrepreneurs, the firms and national economy are better off for taking time to learn how to do things right.

The point here is that creativity, resourcefulness and enterprise need to be developed through entrepreneurial education.  The modern myths about entrepreneurs include the idea that they assume the risks involved in undertaking a business venture, but that interpretation now appears to be based on a false translation.  They are successful because their passion for an outcome leads them to organize available resources in new and more valuable ways.  In so doing, they are said to efficiently and effectively use the factors of production.  Those factors are now deemed to also include intelligence, knowledge and creativity.  A person who can efficiently manage these factors in pursuit of a real opportunity, to add value in long run, may expand future prospects of larger firms to become successful.

Jalbert (2000) stated that the term entrepreneur applies to someone who creates value by offering a product or service. He observed that Entrepreneurs often have a strong belief about a market opportunity and organise their resources effectively to accomplish an outcome that change existing interactions.  Some observes see them as being willing to accept a high level of personal professional or financial risk to pursue that opportunity, but the emerging evidence indicates that they are more passionate experts than gamblers.

It is in consideration of the importance of entrepreneurial education in human capacity building, reduction of chronic employment and poverty alleviation, that the National Universities Commission (2004) recommended Nigeria Universities to integrate entrepreneurial education as an integral part of the curriculum. Click here to read the full report.

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